Here Is How All 50 States Rank In Union Density. Spoiler: The Carolinas Are The Worst

1. Hawaii
• Pct. of workers in unions: 23.1%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.2 ppt. (25th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 138,854 (24th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $50,968 (22nd highest)

2. New York
• Pct. of workers in unions: 22.3%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -2.6 ppt. (15th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 1,873,880 (2nd most)
• Avg. annual wage: $69,947 (the highest)

3. Washington
• Pct. of workers in unions: 19.8%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): unchanged
• Union workers: 648,139 (5th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $61,893 (6th highest)

4. Alaska
• Pct. of workers in unions: 18.4%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -5.1 ppt. (2nd largest decrease)
• Union workers: 55,148 (8th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $57,052 (11th highest)

5. Rhode Island
• Pct. of workers in unions: 17.3%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +0.8 ppt. (2nd largest increase)
• Union workers: 83,165 (18th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $53,408 (16th highest)

6. Connecticut
• Pct. of workers in unions: 15.9%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.0 ppt. (11th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 267,222 (16th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $65,748 (4th highest)

7. Minnesota
• Pct. of workers in unions: 15.0%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.1 ppt. (13th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 395,407 (12th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $55,310 (13th highest)

8. New Jersey
• Pct. of workers in unions: 14.9%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -3.4 ppt. (8th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 587,219 (8th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $63,563 (5th highest)

9. California
• Pct. of workers in unions: 14.7%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -3.7 ppt. (5th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 2,404,888 (the most)
• Avg. annual wage: $66,308 (3rd highest)

10. Michigan
• Pct. of workers in unions: 14.5%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -4.3 ppt. (3rd largest decrease)
• Union workers: 624,598 (7th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $52,069 (19th highest)

11. Oregon
• Pct. of workers in unions: 13.9%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -2.7 ppt. (14th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 241,150 (18th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $51,951 (20th highest)

12. Nevada
• Pct. of workers in unions: 13.9%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -2.8 ppt. (13th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 190,774 (21st most)
• Avg. annual wage: $49,316 (24th lowest)

13. Illinois
• Pct. of workers in unions: 13.8%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -2.8 ppt. (12th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 785,966 (3rd most)
• Avg. annual wage: $59,191 (8th highest)

14. Massachusetts
• Pct. of workers in unions: 13.6%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -2.1 ppt. (17th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 462,739 (11th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $68,455 (2nd highest)

15. Maine
• Pct. of workers in unions: 12.9%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +0.6 ppt. (4th largest increase)
• Union workers: 73,905 (17th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $45,053 (9th lowest)

16. Ohio
• Pct. of workers in unions: 12.7%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.5 ppt. (22nd largest decrease)
• Union workers: 639,909 (6th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $49,988 (23rd highest)

17. Pennsylvania
• Pct. of workers in unions: 12.5%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -2.9 ppt. (10th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 700,130 (4th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $52,865 (18th highest)

18. Montana
• Pct. of workers in unions: 11.8%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.4 ppt. (3rd smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 50,441 (7th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $42,133 (4th lowest)

19. Colorado
• Pct. of workers in unions: 11.0%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +3.0 ppt. (the largest increase)
• Union workers: 281,098 (14th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $57,603 (10th highest)

20. Maryland
• Pct. of workers in unions: 11.0%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.6 ppt. (21st largest decrease)
• Union workers: 306,318 (13th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $61,133 (7th highest)

21. Vermont
• Pct. of workers in unions: 10.5%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +0.1 ppt. (9th largest increase)
• Union workers: 30,619 (4th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $45,314 (12th lowest)

22. Delaware
• Pct. of workers in unions: 10.3%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -3.1 ppt. (9th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 44,835 (6th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $55,134 (14th highest)

23. New Hampshire
• Pct. of workers in unions: 10.2%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.4 ppt. (4th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 67,707 (15th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $54,319 (15th highest)

24. West Virginia
• Pct. of workers in unions: 10.0%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -3.8 ppt. (4th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 68,464 (16th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $42,871 (5th lowest)

25. Missouri
• Pct. of workers in unions: 9.4%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.8 ppt. (18th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 251,770 (17th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $48,525 (23rd lowest)

26. Alabama
• Pct. of workers in unions: 9.3%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.5 ppt. (6th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 180,645 (22nd most)
• Avg. annual wage: $45,308 (11th lowest)

27. Kentucky
• Pct. of workers in unions: 8.8%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +0.2 ppt. (7th largest increase)
• Union workers: 160,209 (24th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $44,855 (8th lowest)

28. Indiana
• Pct. of workers in unions: 8.8%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -3.6 ppt. (6th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 269,025 (15th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $46,897 (17th lowest)

29. Wisconsin
• Pct. of workers in unions: 8.1%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -6.9 ppt. (the largest decrease)
• Union workers: 218,590 (19th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $47,804 (21st lowest)

30. Iowa
• Pct. of workers in unions: 7.7%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -2.9 ppt. (10th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 112,771 (22nd fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $45,186 (10th lowest)

31. Kansas
• Pct. of workers in unions: 7.0%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): unchanged
• Union workers: 90,558 (21st fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $46,413 (15th lowest)

32. New Mexico
• Pct. of workers in unions: 6.8%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.4 ppt. (4th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 55,336 (9th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $44,725 (7th lowest)

33. Nebraska
• Pct. of workers in unions: 6.6%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.7 ppt. (19th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 58,447 (14th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $46,540 (16th lowest)

34. Wyoming
• Pct. of workers in unions: 6.5%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.2 ppt. (23rd largest decrease)
• Union workers: 15,376 (the fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $47,285 (18th lowest)

35. Oklahoma
• Pct. of workers in unions: 5.7%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.9 ppt. (10th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 90,114 (20th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $45,997 (14th lowest)

36. South Dakota
• Pct. of workers in unions: 5.6%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +0.6 ppt. (4th largest increase)
• Union workers: 21,701 (3rd fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $41,912 (2nd lowest)

37. Florida
• Pct. of workers in unions: 5.6%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.8 ppt. (8th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 484,162 (10th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $49,906 (24th highest)

38. Tennessee
• Pct. of workers in unions: 5.5%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): unchanged
• Union workers: 154,128 (25th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $48,322 (22nd lowest)

39. Arizona
• Pct. of workers in unions: 5.3%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -3.5 ppt. (7th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 156,622 (25th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $51,157 (21st highest)

40. North Dakota
• Pct. of workers in unions: 5.2%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.9 ppt. (9th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 17,907 (2nd fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $49,441 (25th lowest)

41. Mississippi
• Pct. of workers in unions: 5.1%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.2 ppt. (the smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 57,656 (13th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $39,825 (the lowest)

42. Louisiana
• Pct. of workers in unions: 5.0%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +0.4 ppt. (6th largest increase)
• Union workers: 89,016 (19th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $47,645 (20th lowest)

43. Arkansas
• Pct. of workers in unions: 4.8%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.1 ppt. (12th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 56,247 (12th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $43,490 (6th lowest)

44. Idaho
• Pct. of workers in unions: 4.7%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -2.4 ppt. (16th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 34,244 (5th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $42,022 (3rd lowest)

45. Georgia
• Pct. of workers in unions: 4.5%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +0.8 ppt. (3rd largest increase)
• Union workers: 200,070 (20th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $53,035 (17th highest)

46. Virginia
• Pct. of workers in unions: 4.3%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): +0.2 ppt. (8th largest increase)
• Union workers: 167,784 (23rd most)
• Avg. annual wage: $58,022 (9th highest)

47. Texas
• Pct. of workers in unions: 4.3%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.2 ppt. (the smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 511,944 (9th most)
• Avg. annual wage: $55,374 (12th highest)

48. Utah
• Pct. of workers in unions: 4.1%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.7 ppt. (19th largest decrease)
• Union workers: 55,634 (11th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $47,447 (19th lowest)

49. North Carolina
• Pct. of workers in unions: 2.7%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -0.8 ppt. (7th smallest decrease)
• Union workers: 117,060 (23rd fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $49,867 (25th highest)

50. South Carolina
• Pct. of workers in unions: 2.7%
• Change in union membership (2008-2018): -1.2 ppt. (23rd largest decrease)
• Union workers: 55,369 (10th fewest)
• Avg. annual wage: $45,499 (13th lowest)

For the full story, visit USA Today here.

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